The Bible should at first be considered inerrant and the Word of God, the burden of proof lies with the critic. We have great evidence to support the scriptures as being factual. Also being critical is not necessarily a bad thing either as it makes one probe deeper looking for the answers or more problems that lie with the scripture(s) being questioned.
We must not just take one Bible verse and look into it separately; we must take that verse in context with the entire chapter, or at least the meat of the passage. Most paramount to the exegesis of the scripture is you must know what the text means. Knowing what the text means sounds very unproblematic however the Bible utilizes phrases and words that be not exactly what you would necessarily interpret them to mean. For example read John 10:7
“So Jesus said to them again, “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.
Well, obviously Jesus was not a door with hinges, etc.
Then there are some so-called moral issues that humanists like to bring up such as Solomon’s polygamous ways read 1 Kings 11: 1-8
1 King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women besides Pharaoh’s daughter—Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites. 2 They were from nations about which the Lord had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarry with them because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray. 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been. 5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molekthe detestable god of the Ammonites. 6 So Solomon did evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not follow the Lord completely, as David his father had done.
7 On a hill east of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 8 He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.
Just because it was written in the Bible does not mean that it has a stamp of approval indicating a morally deficient God.
The Bible was written in the language of the people of that period and there are many idiomatic saying and words that are also used such as “The sun rises and sets” for example. Writing to people saying that the earth is rotating would leave the people wondering what that meant, in fact, today’s weatherman still tells us when sunrise and sunset will occur.
In part two of this series I will address the labeled “ethical problems” in the Bible