*A system of theology founded on the thought of James Arminius (1560-1609), a Dutch theologian and pastor. Arminianism as a theological system developed mainly as a response to Lutheran and Calvinist views on the doctrine of predestination. Unlike Calvinists (and Lutherans), who saw predestination as an unconditional action of in electing individuals to salvation, Arminius taught that predestination was based on God’s foreknowledge in seeing whether an individual would freely accept or reject Christ. The resulting theology also asserted that insofar as salvation is freely chosen, it could also be freely lost – a concept foreign to Calvinist and Lutheran understandings.
*Stanley J. Grenz, David Guretzki & Cherith Fee Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1999), p. 15